Guwahati is the biggest city in the Indian state of Assam and also the biggest metropolis in northeastern India. An important riverine port city along with hills is one of the fastest-growing cities in India, Guwahati is situated on the south bank of the Brahmaputra.
Talk about history then ancient cities of Pragjyotishpura and Durjaya (North Guwahati) were the capitals of the ancient state of Kamarupa. Many historical Hindu temples like the Kamakhya Temple and Umananda Temple are in the city, giving it the name “City of Temples”. Dispur, the capital of Assam, is in the circuit city region located within Guwahati and is the seat of the Government of Assam.
Guwahati occupies the beauty that lies between the banks of the Brahmaputra River and the foothills of the Shillong plateau, with LGB International Airport to the west and the town of Narengi to the east. The North Guwahati area, which is the northern bank of the Brahmaputra, is being gradually transformed into the city limits. The important point is that Madan Kamdev is situated 30 kilometers (19 miles) from Guwahati. The Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC), the local government of the city, administers an area of 328 square kilometers (127 sq mi), while the Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA) is the planning and development body of greater Guwahati Metropolitan Area. Guwahati is the biggest city in Northeast India.
The myth of Guwahati and history go back several thousands of years. Because of the exact date of the city’s beginning is unknown, references in the epics, Puranas, and other traditional histories of India, lead many to think that it is one of the ancient cities of Asia. Ancient and historical sources place the capitals of many ancient kingdoms in Guwahati. Guwahati was the capital of the kings Narakasura and Bhagadatta according to the Mahabharata. Situated within Guwahati is the ancient Shakti temple of Goddess Kamakhya in Nilachal hill known as an important place of Tantric and Vajrayana Buddhism, the historical and unique astrological temple Navagraha in Chitrachal Hill, and archaeological remains in Basistha and other archaeological style of mythological importance.
The city was placed for the Borphukan, the civil-military authority of the Lower Assam region appointed by the Ahom kings. The residence of Borphukan was in the present Fancy Bazar area, and his council-hall, called Dopdar, was approx 300 yards (270 m) to the west of the Bharalu stream. The Majindar Baruah, the personal secretary of the Borphukan, lived in his house in the present-day deputy commissioner’s residence.
The Mughals defeated Assam seventeen times but were defeated by the larger army numerically inferior yet formidable Ahoms in the Battle of Itakhuli and the Battle of Saraighat. In the Battle of Saraighat, which took place in Saraighat in 1671, the Mughals were overrun due to the strong leadership and hard work of Lachit Borphukan.