History Of Mumbai


  • By : Admin
  • May 29, 2020

History Of Mumbai

Mumbai is the city that glorifies with the metropolis whose history is now fast fading into obscurity. It is also true many people do not know the story about the birth of this beautiful city. Peoples of Mumbai are passionate about their rich past and heritage. The name Mumbai basically derived from the name of a local Goddess called Mumbadevi. The history of this beautiful city lies in the formation of the seven islands, such as Colaba, Mazagaon, Mahim, Parel, Bombay Island, Worli, and Old Woman’s Island. This group of islands in fact stabilized a part of the kingdom of Ashoka, the famed Buddhist emperor of India. After the death of the king, the ownership of these islands was passed on and they were later colonized by a number of different rulers. From the early 19th century, the city went to undergo a large reconstruction and also experienced a boost in the economy during the American Civil War. Rather than the reconstruction and the ownership, Mumbai that is also called as Bombay has also been witness to mass carnages during the Second World War and the Hindu-Muslim riots. A series of battles fought, the city was officially known as the capital of the state of Maharashtra.

A Glorious Heritage

The Hindu Rule

Basically, the seven islands were a part of the kingdom of Ashoka. After Ashoka’s rule, countless rulers of the Silahara dynasty took over until the Kingdom of Gujarat annexed the islands in 1343 AD and remained such till 1543 AD.

Portuguese Colonization

In 1543 AD, the Portuguese held onto the isles from Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and they stayed in their control until 1661. Following this period, the isles were surrendered as share to Catherine de Braganza when she wedded Charles II of England. He, thus, rented the isles toward the East India Company during their colonization in 1668 and that is the point at which the city was named Bombay. In only seven years, the number of inhabitants in the city rose from a minor 10,000 to 60,000 out of 1675. After the populace in the city started to develop, the East India Company formally moved their base camp from Surat to the new city called Bombay.

The Hornby Vellard And Industrialization

The Hornby Vellard was one of the principal building ventures to be embraced in Mumbai. William Hornby, the legislative head of Bombay, started the venture in the mid-eighteenth century regardless of unforgiving resistance from the East India Company. Consequently, the city started to come to fruition with a few structural designing tasks in progress, denoting the introduction of the Industrial Revolution. The seven islands were, at last, converged into one single mass in 1845, and in 1853, the nation’s first railroad association was cultivated among Bombay and Thane. The city was under the standard of the Company’s hands until the revolt in 1857.

The opening up of the Suez Canal in 1869 additionally implied that associations among Bombay and the remainder of the world were open, bringing about Bombay getting one of the significant ports in India. Not long before picking up Independence, the city saw huge scope Hindu-Muslim uproars that brought about gigantic slaughters and unrest.


Post-autonomy, the city extended definitely and various rural towns were consolidated inside as far as possible, for example, Borivali, Andheri, Malad, Thane, and Bandra. In 1960, Bombay turned into the new capital of Maharashtra. High rises, transcending engineering, the Bombay Stock Exchange, tarred streets, and a blast in the auxiliary and tertiary segment changed the city’s status and brought it up to one of the main four urban communities in the nation. Today, Mumbai is the fourth most crowded city on the planet.

Mumbai is the business capital of India and is likewise one of the biggest urban areas in the nation. The current populace of Mumbai is evaluated to be millions is as yet developing. Relatively few know notwithstanding, how the populace developed or how the city got its status as the business capital of India. The understanding of the historical backdrop of this great city is the solution to its arousing beginnings and prominence around the globe.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Data Source-mumbai.org


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