The Goa Liberation Movement was a political movement that sought to end Portuguese colonial rule over the Goan region and its adjacent territories of Daman and Diu.
Goa was colonized by the Portuguese in the early 16th century, and despite repeated demands for its independence by the Indian patriots, Goa was ruled by the Portuguese for more than 400 years. The 20th century saw the movement pick up substantial steam, especially after India won its freedom from British rule in 1947. The liberation of India increased calls for the emancipation of all other foreign-ruled regions.
The people of India, political parties, activists, and the general public all overwhelmingly supported the fight to liberate Goa. Prominent personalities involved in this movement included socialist politician and crusader for Indian independence Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, who supported the incorporation of Goa into India.
Diplomatic pressure on the Portuguese government, nonviolent rallies, and diplomatic discussions were all part of the liberation efforts. But when diplomacy failed to produce results, the Indian government finally turned to force.
How does Goa get liberation?
The Indian Armed Forces began Operation Vijay, a military campaign to acquire Goa, Daman, and Diu, on December 19, 1961. The Portuguese army surrendered within a few days as a result of the quick and effective campaign. Goa, Daman, and Diu were officially incorporated as territories into the Indian Union after the military intervention.
When is Goa Liberation Day?
Every year on December 19, India observes “Goa Liberation Day” to commemorate the independence of Goa, which signifies the end of Portuguese colonial control in the area and Goa’s incorporation into the Indian Republic.
The Goa Liberation Movement is evidence of the Goan struggle and determination and Diu’s unwavering quest for freedom and self-determination. Goa was ruled by Portugal for more than 400 years. But in 1961, after persistent work by Indian nationalists, diplomatic discussions, and finally military action, they were effectively admitted into the Indian Union.