The capital city of West Bengal, Kolkata is situated in the eastern piece of India and is one of the most popular urban areas in India. Inferable from its key area, the city has seen a few critical political just as social upsurges previously, and this why its history holds a noteworthy spot in the ordered portrayal of the whole situation of the Indian subcontinent and rest of the world. Kolkata has additionally encountered a portion of the very notable monarchial just as bureaucratic principles, which have significantly affected its way of life.
In spite of the fact that archeologists accept that Kolkata has been occupied for more than 2,000 years, its reported history starts simply after the appearance of the British East India Company, in 1690. Antiquated proof proposes that Kolkata was a set up exchanging center point much before the appearance of the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughals, the Portuguese, the French, or the British. The city’s sources go back to the Maurya and Gupta period. The city has additionally been referenced in the antiquated epic Mahabharata.
It is accepted that Kalikata was the antiquated name of the city and was gotten from the Bengali word ‘Kalikshetra’, which signifies “Ground of Goddess Kali.” There is likewise a conviction that the city gets its name from the area of its unique settlement on the bank of a channel (khal). The British gave the city, the name Calcutta, which is an anglicized rendition of the Bengali name Kalikata. In 2001, the Indian government renamed Calcutta to Kolkata.
In 1690, Job Charnock, a specialist of East India Company initially went to the city and purchased three towns (Sutanuti, Kolkata, Gobindapur) from the nearby landowner. In 1699, the East India Company began building up the city as a Presidency city and named it Calcutta. The hold of British on Calcutta turned out to be amazing post its presentation as the capital city of British India, in 1772. The city experienced fast industrialization. Richard Wellesley, the Governor-General of Kolkata, worked perseveringly on the engineering of the city and created it as the “City of Palaces”. This was the period of a high British impact on the way of life of Kolkata.
With the spread of instruction and westernization, started the period of ‘Renaissance’ in Bengal. Numerous social change developments were completed, and the developing scholarly populace began understanding the importance of opportunity and the city turned into the focal point of Indian Independence battle. All the pressures prompted the exchange of the capital of British India to Delhi. Significantly after the exchange, Kolkata stayed a significant center point for exchange and autonomy battle.